Educational Philosophy

Download A Companion to the Philosophy of Education by Randall Curren PDF

By Randall Curren

A significant other to the Philosophy of schooling is a entire advisor to philosophical puzzling over schooling. bargains a cutting-edge account of present and debatable matters in schooling, together with concerns bearing on multiculturalism, specified schooling, intercourse schooling, and educational freedom. Written via a global workforce of top specialists, who're without delay engaged with those profound and intricate academic difficulties. Serves as an vital consultant to the sector of philosophy of schooling.

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Extra resources for A Companion to the Philosophy of Education

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For example, various cities invited its members to help them develop new political constitutions. Though we know little about the organization or curriculum of the early Academy, we can see in it the beginnings of the university. Plato's writings are so extraordinary and captivating that they easily cause us to overlook this other enormous and formative contribution to the philosophy of education. It was Plato's Academy, indeed, that brought his greatest student, Aristotle, to Athens. Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Aristotle was born in the small Macedonian town of Stagira in northern Greece.

The definitions Socrates encounters in his elenctic examinations of others always prove unsatisfactory. But through these examinations, which are always at the same time self-examinations (Charmides, 166c-d; Hippias Major, 298b-c; Protagoras, 348cd), he comes to accept some positive theses which have resisted refutation. Among these are the following three famous Socratic "paradoxes": (1) The conventionally distinguished virtues are all identical to wisdom or knowledge (Charmides, 174b-c; Euthydemus, 281d-e; Protagoras, 329b-334c, 349a-361d); (2) this knowledge is necessary and sufficient for happiness or perhaps even identical to it (Crito, 48b; Gorgias, 471e); (3) no one ever acts contrary to what he knows or believes to be best, so that weakness of will is impossible (Protagoras, 352a-358d).

This enables the dialectician to knit them all together into a single unified theory of everything. It is this unified, holistic theory that is now supposed to provide the philosopher with genuine knowledge (533d534a). Dialectic, then, which philosophers, who have completed their mathematical training, must study for five years, is another major component of the education that leads to the forms - one that brings in the notion of a synthetic or holistic vision that has remained an ideal of liberal education ever since.

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