Comparative Religion

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By Logsdon M.I.

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While speaking at a university in the United States, I heard a familiar challenge. "Muhammad had to fight because he was defending his revelation and his people. " Those who say Islam is a religion of peace often argue that Muslims are only permitted to fight a justified war. 1 The question of what makes a justified war made me think of the wars that Muhammad and his successors fought. How were they justified? I answered the student this way: What did my country Egypt do to Muhammad that he came and ruined my country?

The Quran says that Islam came before Judaism and Christianity; it was the religion practiced by Abraham. Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true Muslim... Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim (Abraham) are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad) and those who have believed (Muslims). —SURAH 3:67-68 The Quran refers to Islam as the "religion of Abraham" 46 many times (Surah 2:130, 135; 3:95; 4:125; 6:161). Also, Abraham and many prophets after him preached Islam, including Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Joseph, Noah, David, Solomon, Moses, John and Jesus (Surah 4:163; 6:84-86).

They find it hard to imagine that their nice Muslim neighbors or coworkers believe all the teachings of the Quran and support Muhammad's practice of holy war. There are between 6 million and 8 million Muslims living in the United States. Most of these are immigrants from Middle Eastern countries. The next largest group is black American converts. The smallest group is white American converts. 2 billion more Muslims. From my observations and experience, both in the United States and in other countries, Muslims can be divided into three main groups.

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