By Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik
More than a century in the past Louis Pasteur saw that “Science is aware no state, simply because wisdom belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world”. His comment has the entire extra resonance this present day with the expanding globa- sation of technology, expertise, and trade. however it additionally underlines an incredible fact: that technology has regularly complicated so much quickly while it's a collective endeavour, with a robust move of information. by way of forging cooperation in examine, Europe has a magnificent tune checklist. This 12 months, the eu Union’s Framework Programme for study and Technological improvement celebrates its twentieth birthday. it's the world’s biggest programme in aid of transnational learn, selling cooperation, coor- state, and mobility throughout borders. The 12 months 2007 will see the release of the seventh Framework Programme, the most important and such a lot formidable to date. This booklet will convey how the hot Framework Programme was once prepare and clarify why it took the form it did. it is going to additionally set out its strength affects and the stipulations helpful for it to be a hit. within the demanding new worldwide financial system, wisdom is Europe’s most beneficial source, and i'm confident that, with its extraordinary scale and scope, the seventh Framework Programme is the ideal method for a Europe that wishes to development in the direction of a knowledge-based economic climate. although, the Framework Programme is simply a truly modest a part of overall public R&D spending in Europe, the majority of that's conducted through nationwide governments.
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Extra info for A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme
International Monetary Fund, Euro Area Policies, p. 14. International Monetary Fund, Euro Area Policies, pp. 14 and 17. European Commission, Employment in Europe 2005, p. 24 and Statistical Annex. European Commission, Employment in Europe 2004, p. 128. 0 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Year US EU-15 Fig. 7. 30 in both the EU-15 and the EU-25 (Fig. 27 23 Eurostat [The at-risk-of-poverty rate must be understood as the share of persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 per cent of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers)].
Much information society literature76 also hypothesises that “eWork” (remote working) may contribute to environmental sustainability as, in addition to other dematerialisations, travelling to work is reduced. On the other hand, transport technologies themselves – from the wheel through to the airplane – continue to have a central role in society, for example in enabling communication. The quality of human life is made up of many more components than the ones already mentioned: greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health services, more secure livelihoods, clean air to breathe, security against crime and physical violence, satisfying leisure hours, political and cultural freedoms and sense 72 International Development Research Centre, Information and Communication Technologies for Development in Africa: Trends and Overview, 2001.
04 per cent per annum, and in many countries the population would shrink if it were not for immigration. Except for Cyprus and Malta, all new Member States already saw falling populations. 7 million in 2030. 8 million. At the same time, as average life expectancies are increasing, the demographic dependency rate will rise from 49 per cent in 2005 to 66 per cent in 2030, putting pressure on pension and health care systems. 6. The public health challenge: Lifestyle and communicable diseases The health of European citizens is negatively affected by lifestyle as well as communicable diseases.