By Cole, William Owen; Sambhi, Piara Singh
The note 'sikh' comes from the Punjabi verb 'sikhna', to benefit. A Sikh is for that reason a learner, that's, onewho learns and follows the trail of liberation taught by means of a guy known as Gur N nak and his 9 successors, who lived within the Punjab sector of India among 1469 and 1708. The Sikh faith has only in the near past come to the educational consciousness of western students. there have been a fewbooks written just before M.A. Macauliffe's enormous examine of the lives and occasions of the Gur s, The SikhReligion (Oxford 1909), yet those have been usually the paintings of infantrymen or directors, like Macauliffehimself, who neede. Read more...
summary: The notice 'sikh' comes from the Punjabi verb 'sikhna', to benefit. A Sikh is for that reason a learner, that's, onewho learns and follows the trail of liberation taught by means of a guy known as Gur N nak and his 9 successors, who lived within the Punjab area of India among 1469 and 1708. The Sikh faith has only in the near past come to the educational consciousness of western students. there have been a fewbooks written prior to M.A. Macauliffe's huge research of the lives and occasions of the Gur s, The SikhReligion (Oxford 1909), yet those have been frequently the paintings of squaddies or directors, like Macauliffehimself, who neede
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Extra resources for A popular dictionary of Sikhism
Gurd s, Bh (1551–1637) The nephew of Guru Amar Das being the son of his younger brother. He was a competent expositor of the teachings of the Gurus and worked for some time as a missionary in Agra. He helped Guru Arjan compile the Adi Granth and is reputed to have met the Emperor Akbar in 1605 and assured him that the Sikh scripture contained nothing derogatory to Islam. After the martyrdom of Guru Arjan and again when Guru Hargobind was a prisoner in the Gwalior fort, he and Bahi Buddha were among the elders of the community who looked after the affairs of the Panth.
God is also Karta Purukh, the Creator, who has brought them into existence. Though ultimately ineffable God is known to humanity through the Divine Word (Shabad), and is therefore called the Sat Guru or sometimes just Guru, or Sat Nam, for it is through grace and meditating on the Name that liberation is obtained. Guru Gobind Singh taught that it might be necessary to take up arms in the defence of justice (see dharam yudh), and often used the epithet Sarab Loh, All Steel, of God. A popular name for God is Wahiguru, Wonderful Lord, which was originally a word used in praise of God as Guru.
Three of the original panj piare, Mokham Singh, Sahib Singh, and Himmat Singh, as well as two of the Guru’s sons, Ajit Singh and Jughar Singh, died in the battle. The gurdwara at Chamkaur Sahib is a reminder of their martyrdom. Ch nan A canopy placed above the Guru Granth Sahib as a mark of respect. In gurdwaras this will be part of the structure of the takht or palki (dais), made of wood or sometimes stone, when the scripture is installed outside; at a wedding for example, it will be made of cloth.