By Rodney Stark
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The idea that the earliest people worshipped a sovereign, nurturing, maternal earth goddess is a well-liked one. it's been taken up as truth through the media, who repeatedly depict glossy goddess-worshippers as "reviving" the traditional religions of our ancestors. Feminist students contend that, within the primordial religions, the nice mom was once commemorated because the fundamental, inventive strength, giving delivery to the realm, granting fertility to either plants and people, and ruling excellent over her relatives pantheon.
Spiritual exoticism implies a deeply ambivalent courting to otherness and to faith itself: conventional spiritual teachings are uprooted and fragmented that allows you to be appropriated as useful equipment for private development. Western modern societies have obvious the big popularization of such "exotic" non secular assets as yoga and meditation, Shamanism, Buddhism, Sufism, and Kabbalah.
Arabic was once one of the first languages within which the Gospel used to be preached. The publication of Acts mentions Arabs as being current on the first Pentecost in Jerusalem, the place they heard the Christian message of their local tongue. Christian literature in Arabic is at the very least 1,300 years previous, the oldest surviving texts relationship from the eighth century.
This assortment addresses key concerns within the critique of Eurocentrism and racism relating to debates at the creation of data, old narratives and thoughts in Europe and the Americas. participants discover the heritage of liberation politics in addition to educational and political response via formulation of lodging that re-centre the West.
Additional info for Acts of Faith: Explaining the Human Side of Religion
An impressive body of research indicates that elderly people who are involved in religion tend to enjoy better physical and mental health than older adults who are not as religious,” according to Krause (, S). Chapter will show that the data do not conﬁrm claims that religion is often the cause and symptom of psychopathology. Indeed, the new paradigm directly contradicts the postulate that religion is rooted in irrationality. The Opiate Thesis That religion is harmful at the level of society is a political, not scientiﬁc, claim.
This tendency continues in the overwhelming preponderance in contemporary studies of research based on individuals rather than on groups. But no amount of surveys of individual opinions will reveal answers to questions such as why some new religions succeed, while most fail, or why rates of religious participation are so much higher in some societies than in others. These are not questions primarily about individuals and can only be answered adequately by reference to attributes of groups—in these instances, to attributes of new religions or of societies.
As Heath implies, social scientists are fully aware of people such as Mother Teresa. But we also recognize that their behavior violates the principle of rationality only if we adopt a very narrow, materialistic, and entirely egocentric deﬁnition of rewards and ignore the immense variety of preferences and tastes. Human life and culture are so rich because of the incredible variety of our preferences and tastes, of things we perceive as rewarding. There is no need to suggest that a parent has acted against his or her self-interest by rushing into a burning building.