By Bhola R. Gurjar, Luisa T. Molina, C.S. P. Ojha
Pollution is well-known as one of many best participants to the worldwide environmental burden of sickness, even in nations with rather low concentrations of pollution. pollution: overall healthiness and Environmental affects examines the impact of this complicated challenge on human future health and the surroundings in numerous settings worldwide. It not just covers common modeling, tracking, and characterization thoughts but additionally comprises box experiences and circumstances that provide priceless perception into region-specific concerns. With contributions from a special team of foreign specialists, the publication explores methods of controlling pollution and mitigating its adversarial results on human health and wellbeing and the surroundings. usually taking a nearby and worldwide viewpoint, it discusses the tracking and resource characterization of pollution, the idea and alertness of air caliber modeling, well-being results and chance overview, and the environmental affects of pollution. The ebook additionally addresses air caliber administration and suitable coverage matters. besides offering an knowing of the medical foundation of pollution, this quantity is helping readers higher savor social and environmental determinants of public overall healthiness and follow country-based study proof to lessen wellbeing and fitness disparities and environmental inequalities. It additionally encourages destiny study and coverage motion at the health and wellbeing and environmental outcomes of pollution from the neighborhood to worldwide point.
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Extra info for Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts
Against this background, the authors of Chapter 6 have conducted epidemiological studies in Kolkata and Delhi, two highly polluted megacities in the country, to investigate the impact of chronic exposures to urban air pollution on respiratory and other organ systems of the body. The study, conducted during 2000–2006, enrolled 6862 nonsmoking residents from Kolkata and Delhi (median age 43 years) and 3715 age- and sex-matched nonsmokers as controls from relatively less polluted rural areas of West Bengal where the PM10 level was considerably lower.
Moreover, the book is expected to stimulate future research and policy action on health and environmental consequences of air pollution from the local to global level. To help readers appreciate and comprehend the intricate problem of air pollution and its adverse impacts on human health and the environment in totality, the chapters cover almost all the major aspects of air pollution, for example, monitoring and source characterization of air pollution, modeling, health effects, environmental impacts, risk assessment, air quality management, and relevant policy issues.
As discussed earlier, air pollution not only harms human health but also damages the environment and ecology. Ground-level O3 is arguably the air pollutant most likely to cause damage to agricultural crops across the globe due to its phytotoxicity and prevalence at high concentrations across agriculturally important regions. Although extensive experimental studies to assess the potential threat posed from O3 to agriculture have been conducted in Europe and North America, research is far less advanced in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and southern Africa.