By Paul E. Fontenoy
Plane vendors: An Illustrated historical past in their influence КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb speedy Ifolder zero
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The Naval Staff concluded in 1920 that the postwar Royal Navy would require five carriers to provide adequate aircraft for its needs. Accordingly, it was decided to convert one of the two remaining large light cruisers, half-sisters to the Furious, into a similar carrier. THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER MATURES While planning for the latter’s conversion was still underway, the provisions of the Washington Treaty forced a reevaluation of plans for the future carrier force. In particular, the impending additions to the American and Japanese fleets of a pair of very large fast carriers apiece, converted from incomplete capital ship hulls, made it important to add another large fast carrier to the British fleet.
The first British carrier designed as such from the keel up since the Hermes was the Ark Royal, which entered service just before World War II began. The design had an extended gestation, having its origins in studies begun in 1931. It included the double hangars of its immediate precursors but eliminated the forward flight deck, since larger and faster aircraft had rendered this feature obsolete. Aerodynamic considerations necessitated long round downs fore and aft. To compensate for their impact, the flight deck extended considerably beyond the stern.
The similarity of this design’s dimensions to those of the battle cruisers under construction and the prospect of these ships’ cancellation as a result of the upcoming international conference on naval arms limitations led to consideration of converting incomplete battle cruisers into aircraft carriers instead. When the terms of the Washington Treaty demanded the cancellation of all six battle cruisers, the United States negotiated an exception to the restriction on the 27,000-ton limit of the size of individual aircraft carriers to permit vessels converted from existing capital ships to displace up to 33,000 tons standard.