By R. Droh (auth.), Roland Droh, Wilhelm Erdmann, Ralph Spintge (eds.)
R. Droh girls and gents. pricey buddies and co-workers. we welcome you very cordially to our symposium "Innovations in administration and Technic and Pharmacol ogy". we're very completely happy that you've come to Liidenscheid and we do wish that our programme will fulfil your expectancies. We made up our minds to carry this symposium, since it is getting increasingly more dif ficult to choose suggestions at foreign congresses worldwide that are very important for our scientific paintings. Now and sooner or later our purpose is to offer the particular kingdom of know-how. administration and pharmacology. we might be very joyful to obtain your feedback for extra symposia. The has an analogous difficulties as now we have. they don't simply need to look for these issues which might be discovered and that are fascinating, but in addition for these issues that are bought. however the also needs to be influenced through the inventors and via the clients, so we wish to assemble the undefined, the physicians and the inventors for fruitful discussions. And we are hoping that during the fu ture the will offer us extra fast with these technical and organiz ational aids that we want. we'd like the indu~try now not working at the back of the marketplace yet heading the industry. at the moment too many attention-grabbing advancements are killed by way of so-called industry research, within the beliefing that such research can continuously end up what can't be bought. In anaesthesia many businesses are continuously busy with an identical product.
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11). Conclusions Based on the information presented in this paper, clinical goals should be aimed at achieving adequate on-line determination of parameters connected with tissue supply of oxygen. 24 These aims should be: - On-line determination and feedback control of inspiratory oxygen concentration - On-line calculation of oxygen consumption - Non-invasive intermittent determination of ventilation perfusion ratio of the lungs - Non-invasive intermittent determination of cardiac output Continuous monitoring of end expiratory CO 2 is already mandatory in some countries (e.
The intensity of the scattered light is, among others, proportional to the concentration, more precisely, to the density of molecules of the respective gas component. Measurement of the scattered light at different frequencies which are spe30 cific for the respective components makes possible the determination of all breathing gas components, including anaesthetic agents and water vapour (but not inert gases). The Raman effect depends on the change of polarizability which is connected with the transition between two vibration and/or rotation states of the molecule.
This frequency change is a measure of the concentration of the anaesthetic agent. However, this method is also subject to cross-sensitivity against nitrous oxide and particularly water vapour (an absorption layer insensitive to water vapour has so far not been discovered). Therefore, this method of measuring anaesthetic agent in the breathing circuit also has only a limited application (Cooper et al. 1981; Hayes et al. 1983). The basis for the refraction method are the differing refraction indices of the anaesthetic vapour and the carrier gas.