By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD
This quantity evaluates quite a number evaluation measures in regards to older adults. The professional members deal with themes equivalent to review of future health, practical incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and discomfort. whereas the tools themselves are available from different resources, this e-book discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of varied measures and provides present details at the swiftly altering, state of the art evaluate expertise.
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Additional resources for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques
Are the indicators of health status causes of, or caused by, the latent variable? ) Response format and the timing of the reporting period can determine whether the construct being measured is treated as a trait or a state. Schulz, O'Brien, and Tomkins (chapter 10 in this volume) refer to this in their chapter on measuring affect. They suggest that reporting on mood states over a period of 1 week, as contrasted with obtaining reports of current mood, may result in measurement of mood traits rather than states; this complicates attempts to measure, longitudinally transient fluctuations related to environmental or other stressors.
For most constructs assessed in reference to older persons, including nearly all those reviewed in this volume, either the one-parameter (Rasch) or two-parameter models are used. This is because, unlike educational tests, it is unlikely that guessing plays a role in item response. The two-parameter (item discrimination and item difficulty) model is favored for evaluation of most psychiatric, cognitive and psychological scales because there is an interest in examining how well items dis criminate at various points along the latent continuum; items which discriminate at a particular point or at various points can be selected for inclusion in a measure, depending on its purpose.
117-128). London: Grant Mcintyre. , & Heiss, J, (1987). Quantification of agreement in psychiatric diagnosis revisited. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 172-177. Spitznagel, E. L,, & Helzer, J. E. (1985). A proposed solution to the base rate problem in the kappa statistic. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42, 725-728. Teresi, J. A, (1994). Methodological issues in the study of chronic care populations. Alzheimer's Disease and Associated Disorders, S, Suppl. 1, S247-S273. , & Golden, R. (November, 1981).