Environmental Studies

Download Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion by Fangming Jin PDF

By Fangming Jin

This bookreviews the new advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical compounds and fuels, and includes 15 chapters. It introduces the homes of high-temperature water, the benefits of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion approaches, customarily together with hydrothermal creation of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This publication introduces a brand new inspiration for counteracting the imbalance within the carbon cycle, that's attributable to the swift intake of fossil fuels in anthropogenic actions together with the sluggish formation of fossil fuels. for that reason, the e-book comes in handy in conveying a basic realizing of hydrothermal conversion of biomass within the carbon cycle in order that a contribution will be made to reaching sustainable strength and surroundings. it's also attention-grabbing to a large readership in quite a few fields together with chemical, geologic and environmental technology and engineering.

Fangming Jin is a individual Professor on the college of Environmental technology & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong collage, China

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Watanabe M, Sato T, Inomata H, Smith RL, Arai K, Kruse A, Dinjus E (2004) Chemical reactions of C-1 compounds in near-critical and supercritical water. Chem Rev 104(12):5803–5821 5. Huber GW, Iborra S, Corma A (2006) Synthesis of transportation fuels from biomass: Chemistry, catalysts, and engineering. Chem Rev 106(9):4044–4098 6. Titirici MM, White RJ, Falco C, Sevilla M (2012) Black perspectives for a green future: hydrothermal carbons for environment protection and energy storage. Energy Environ Sci 5(5):6796–6822 7.

Ind Eng Chem Res 37(7):2634–2638 115. Arai K, Adschiri T, Watanabe M (2000) Hydrogenation of hydrocarbons through partial oxidation in supercritical water. Ind Eng Chem Res 39(12):4697–4701 116. Matsumura Y, Nonaka H, Yokura H, Tsutsumi A, Yoshida K (1999) Co-liquefaction of coal and cellulose in supercritical water. Fuel 78(9):1049–1056 117. Shen Z, Zhang YL, Jin FM (2011) From NaHCO3 into formate and from isopropanol into acetone: hydrogen-transfer reduction of NaHCO3 with isopropanol in high-temperature water.

4, glycolic acid, lactic acid, formic acid, and acetic acid have been detected in the presence of CuO. As illustrated in Fig. 0 %. The conversion of glucose was above 99 %, thus, the yield almost equals the selectivity. 6 % and no formation of lactic acid was observed. This result suggests that CuO had a promotion 38 Y. Wang et al. Fig. 3 Schematic diagram of reactors used. a Batch rector 1: photo and its heating time profile, reproduced from Ref. [49] by permission of John Wiley & Sons Ltd; b Batch reactor 2, reprinted with permission from Ref.

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