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By Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Medical Preparedness for a Terrorist Nuclear Event, Susan R. McCutchen, Michael McGeary, Georges C. Benjamin

A nuclear assault on a wide U.S. urban by means of terrorists--even with a low-yield improvised nuclear machine (IND) of 10 kilotons or less--would reason a great number of deaths and critical accidents. the big variety of injured from the detonation and radioactive fallout that may stick with will be overwhelming for neighborhood emergency reaction and well-being care platforms to rescue and deal with, even assuming that those platforms and their team of workers weren't themselves incapacitated via the development. the us has been suffering for a while to deal with and plan for the specter of nuclear terrorism and different guns of mass destruction that terrorists could receive and use. the dept of place of birth safety lately gotten smaller with the Institute of medication to carry a workshop, summarized during this quantity, to evaluate scientific preparedness for a nuclear detonation of as much as 10 kilotons. This ebook presents a candid and sobering examine our present country of preparedness for an IND, and identifies numerous key components during which we'd start to concentration our nationwide efforts in a manner that may enhance the final point of preparedness.

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Flat open land would indicate. Also, the effect falls off rapidly with distance. For example, at one mile, the estimated radiation dose would be 100 cGy, which might cause nausea and vomiting but not fatalities. Flash Blindness. In addition to nuclear and thermal radiation, the detonation would create a brilliant flash of light that could cause temporary blindness to anyone outdoors up to more than 5 miles away. This effect could travel even farther if there is good visibility, if there are clouds to reflect the light, or if the event occurs at night.

No drug is licensed for the treatment of ARS at this time.

Breathing in fallout dust is of less concern in the first few days and would not be a major contributor to overall exposure or immediate morbidity and mortality. • Radiation has a delayed effect. Although radiation sickness may manifest within a few hours, victims of lethal radiation may not succumb for days or weeks. SOURCE: Adapted from Buddemeier presentation at workshop, June 26, 2008. hours. Areas further downwind would receive progressively less fallout but still pose a risk of ARS to anyone who spent enough time in the open.

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