By Irial Glynn
This booklet compares the rules of Australia and Italy in the direction of boat those that have arrived within the international locations because the early Nineties. whereas the common and sundry influx of immigrants arriving at nationwide airports, ferry terminals and educate stations is seldom witnessed through the general public, the arriving of boat humans is usually performed out within the media and for this reason draws disproportionate political and public awareness. either Australia and Italy confronted comparable dilemmas, however the nature of political debate at the factor, the categories of options brought, and the consequences that coverage adjustments had on boat humans diverged significantly. This ebook argues that contrasting migration course dependencies, disparate political values in the Left, and ranging overseas duties most sensible clarify different techniques taken through the 2 international locations to boat people.
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Extra resources for Asylum Policy, Boat People and Political Discourse : Boats, Votes and Asylum in Australia and Italy
79. 6. 1, 2011, 89–122. 163. 11. BOAT PEOPLE AND MIGRATION THEORY 39 individual immigrants because of the visibility of their human suffering. 105 In her study of how policies towards family migration evolved over time in the Netherlands, Saskia Bonjour highlights scholars’ failure to ‘capture the crucial role of immaterial values in the decision-making process’. 106 This study aims to counter this by examining how the core political values of parties affected policy decisions. 107 Also, how did pro- and anti-boat people actors draw upon political parties’ value systems to influence discussions?
A bargaining process often ensues between these rivals when debate takes place on the formation and implementation of new policies. 85 One group comprises actors who empathise with the plight of boat people. They strive to ensure that boat people, particularly those who apply for asylum, receive access to certain rights and entitlements. These sympathetic actors often promote generous policies in debates not for any material benefit they acquire but because helping boat people matches their humanitarian, moral and communitarian beliefs and values.
The majority in Australia and Italy are usually young and male. Many apply for asylum. Some receive refuge, some disappear into irregularity and some are deported home. Due to economic, cultural and security fears about boat people, on the one hand, and humanitarian and moral concerns for their plight on the 1 The one notable exception to this is Thomas Gammeltoft-Hansen’s Access to Asylum, which primarily focuses on the extraterritorialisation and privatisation of the management of boat people.