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Download Averroes’ Middle Commentaries on Aristotle’s "Categories" by Averroes, Charles Butterworth PDF

By Averroes, Charles Butterworth

Ibn Rushd (1126-1198), higher referred to as Averroes, is related to be the best one of the Muslim commentators on Aristotle and is principally recognized for his impression on medieval Christendom and on medieval and Renaissance technology and philosophy. This quantity provides a readable translation of his center commentaries on Aristotle's different types and De Interpretation--the first of his center commentaries on Aristotle's logical treatises.

Originally released in 1983.

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Additional resources for Averroes’ Middle Commentaries on Aristotle’s "Categories" and "De Interpretatione"

Sample text

It may be supposed that what is most particularly characteristic of substance is that what is numerically one itself admits of contrary qualifications. That be­ comes clear through induction, for it is not possible that any numerically designated thing other than sub­ stance would admit of contrary qualifications. For no numerically one color exists which admits of white and 19 See above, paras. 18 and 23. THE TEXT 43 black, nor does the single self-same deed admit of praise and blame. The same holds for all of the other cate­ gories which are not substance.

In the second part, he mentions the ten categories, category by category, and provides for each one the description particular to it. And he divides them into their generally accepted species and gives their gen­ erally accepted particular characteristics. In the third part, he makes known the general cor­ ollaries and common accidents which pertain to all of the categories or to most of them, insofar as they are categories. "make a middle commentary" (talkhis). Or "meanings" (ma'ani). The term ma'na (plural, ma'ani) can be translated in a number of different ways: idea, notion, thought, meaning, thing, and signification—to name a few.

He said: some beings are predicated of a subject la20-22 and are not in a subject. That is, some make known the substance and quiddity of everything of which they are predicated and in no way make anything external to the substance of a subject known. This is the general2 substance, like animal and man. For if they are both 1 This is a literal translation of the term ism ma'nd; it may also be translated as "abstract noun"; see W. Wright, A Grammar of the Arabic Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962), vol.

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