By Angus Konstam
With the outbreak of worldwide struggle II, Britain's Royal army was once on the vanguard of her defence together with her fleet of battleships as her major awesome strength. besides the fact that, ten battleships of this fleet have been already over twenty years previous, venerable veterans of the 1st global clash. As such, within the Thirties new periods have been commissioned - smooth battleships which have been designed to exchange the getting old conflict fleet even if just one may see lively provider. including the older battleships, which have been more and more changed within the decade previous the conflict and through the clash itself, those vessels held their very own opposed to their German and Italian opposite numbers. This name bargains a complete evaluate of the seven battleships of the Nelson and King George V periods from their preliminary commissioning to their peacetime differences and wartime provider. specific descriptions of the most armament of every send will supply extra research of person battleship's effectiveness, discussing how the weapons have been manned whilst attractive with the enemy. furthermore, with especially commissioned paintings and a dramatic re-telling of key battleship battles, this ebook will spotlight what it was once like on board for the sailors who risked their lives at the excessive seas. Describing HMS Rodney struggling with opposed to the Bismarck, the may perhaps of the Kriegsmarine, the writer information how the British battleship closed in on her German adversary at such shut variety that the spotters may well persist with the shells onto the objective, arguing that even supposing the airplane service may ultimately dominate later naval conflicts, it was once the battleship that played a useful carrier all through numerous engagements.
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Additional resources for British Battleships 1939-45: Nelson and King George V classes
The eight-barrelled 2-pdr (40mm) p o m - p o m s on Mk V mounts were particularly effective. One of these mounts is shown here. By J u n e 1944 Rodney carried four of these multi-barrelled mounts - two on each side of the funnel, one atop "B" turret, and one on the quarterdeck. Their fire was capable of being directed by Type 282 fire-control radar as well as more conventional visual means. 32 16in Breech Loader, M k I Range and penetration (given for 16in armour-piercing shells) Calibre: 16in Date of design: 1920 Date first in service: 1927 Length of bore: 45 calibres (720in) Length of barrel: 742in Weight of gun: 108 tons Mounting: Triple Mk I Maximum elevation: 40° Rate of Fire: Two rounds per minute Gun elevation (degrees) Range (yards) Strike velocity (feet per second) Angle of descent (degrees) Flight time (seconds) 21/4 5,000 2,248 m 6 Weight of shell: 2,0481b Shell types: High explosive (limited quantities), armour-piercing Weight of propellant charge: 4951b Muzzle velocity: 2,614 feet per second 5 10,000 1,996 6 14 m 15,000 1,778 10 22 UV2 20,000 1,606 16V 31 MVi 25,000 1,486 24 42 23 / 4 30,000 1,431 33 55 32 / 2 35,000 1,453 43% 71 39% 37,500 1,503 50 83 3 1 2 Maximum range: 39,780yd Range and penetration (given for 14in armour-piercing shells) Ammunition storage per gun: 80 rounds Estimated barrel life before replacement: 250 rounds Gun elevation (degrees) Range (yards) Strike velocity (feet per second) Angle of descent (degrees) Flight time (seconds) 2% 5,000 2,160 3 7 51/2 10,000 1,927 61/2 14 15,000 1,726 ny 13% 20,000 1,563 18 33 19% 25,000 1,459 26% 44 26 / 30,000 1,432 35 / 58 36 35,000 1,482 47 40% 36,000 1,523 50 / 9 14in Breech Loader, MkVII Calibre: 14in Date of design: 1936 Date first in service: 1940 Length of bore: 45 calibres (630in) Length of barrel: 651 in Weight of gun: 79 tons Mounting: Twin Mk II and quadruple Mk III turrets Maximum elevation: 41 ° Rate of fire: Two rounds per minute Weight of shell: 1,5901b Shell types: Highexplosive, armour-piercing Weight of propellant charge: 3391b Muzzle velocity: 2,483 feet per second Maximum range: 38,560yd Ammunition storage per gun: 120 rounds Estimated barrel life before replacement: 375 rounds 34 1 4 Service Modifications 23 2 1 2 75 1 2 58 All of these eight battleships were modified slightly over the years, although none underwent the extensive refits accorded to the old 15in battleships in the fleet.
18pm, taking 327 of the crew with her. 28 29 31 32 33 34 35 36 30 27 SPECIFICATIONS: HMS PRINCE OF WALES. 25in guns, six ( 6 x 1 ) 8-barrelled 2 pom-poms, 1 (1 x 1) 4 0 m m AA g u n , 7 (7 x 1) 2 0 m m AA g u n s Aircraft: T w o Supermarine Walrus seaplanes, launched from single steam catapult Radar: Type 271 (surface search radar) Type 284 (main armament fire-control radar) Type 279 (air warning radar) Type 285 (secondary armament fire-control radar) Protection: Main belt: 14-15in; deck: 5-6in, turrets: 12 /4in (front), 8%in (sides); conning KEY 1.
The main guns of the Nelson and King George V class battleships were designed to be fired using visual fire control. In the two earlier battleships, gunnery was controlled from a director control tower atop the forward superstructure. The later class had two smaller director control towers, one forward, the other aft. The big The gunnery control position of a Nelson class battleship, as depicted in a wartime diagram. This fire-control team provided visual targeting information to the gunnery officer and the crews of the 16in guns.