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Download Capitalism From Within: Economy, Society, and the State in a by David L. Howell PDF

By David L. Howell

Japan's wonderful metamorphosis from an remoted feudal regime to an incredible commercial strength over the process the nineteeth and early 20th centuries has lengthy interested and vexed historians. during this research, David L. Howell seems past the institutional and technological adjustments that Japan's reopening to the West to probe the indigenous origins of jap capitalism.

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Extra info for Capitalism From Within: Economy, Society, and the State in a Japanese Fishery

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Matsumae has not seen a poor catch in decades . . " [6] The residents of Fukuyama were "prosperous" in 1758,[7] while the lives of the townspeople and fishers in and around Esashi were "simple . . [8] The dependence of Wajinchi residents on fishing meant, however, that hard times were just a poor catch away, though a bad year was more likely to entail deep debt than outright starvation. During the last quarter of the eighteenth century southern Hokkaido was hit by the first of a ― 55 ― series of extended periods of poor fishing.

I... death and indeed even considered it good luck to recover the body of a drowned sailor, provided the procedure was handled correctly. [15] Because independent fishers in the Wajinchi could not use Ainu labor, they had to turn to northern Honshu to supplement household and other labor recruited close to home. Whether they considered it desirable or merely inevitable, officials of the Matsumae domain made provisions for labor mobility between Honshu and Hokkaido and for the absorption of newcomers into the permanent domain population.

Second, the development of the pound trap, a large and expensive but very efficient type of net, in the middle of the nineteenth century gave ― 52 ― those fishers with access to sufficient capital and labor a highly productive way to use them. The cost of technological change was the social conflict that accompanied the pound trap's introduction into Ezochi fisheries and its subsequent spread into the Wajinchi in the 1850s and 1860s. Finally, the development of better technology in turn created a demand for even more labor, some of which came from the ranks of once-independent fishers who had lost their access to credit.

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