By United Nations
This Innocenti Digest examines the social dynamics of lady genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In groups the place it's practiced, FGM/C is a vital a part of women and womens cultural gender identification. The strategy imparts a feeling of satisfaction, of coming of age and a sense of group club. additionally, no longer conforming to the perform stigmatizes and isolates women and their households, leading to the lack of their social prestige. The social expectancies surrounding FGM/C signify a massive situation to households who may possibly in a different way desire to abandon the perform. This Innocenti Digest is a contribution to a transforming into circulation to finish the perform worldwide.
Read or Download Changing a Harmful Social Convention: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting PDF
Best health policy books
American citizens on the finish of the 20th century frightened that controlled care had essentially remodeled the nature of drugs. within the scientific supply enterprise, Barbara Bridgman Perkins makes use of examples drawn from maternal and toddler care to argue that the enterprise procedure in drugs isn't a brand new improvement.
Drawing at the paintings of the Roundtable on Evidence-Based drugs, the 2007 IOM Annual assembly assessed the various quickly taking place alterations in future health care regarding new diagnostic and therapy instruments, rising genetic insights, the advancements in info expertise, and healthcare charges, and mentioned the necessity for a better specialise in facts to make sure that the promise of medical discovery and technological innovation is successfully captured to supply the ideal take care of the appropriate sufferer on the correct time.
British health and wellbeing coverage has gone through radical switch within the postwar interval and Virginia Berridge presents the following a concise and available survey of those adjustments when you consider that 1939. whereas the increase, and up to date decline, of the NHS is tested intimately, this publication additionally appears on the alterations within the position of medical professionals and linked scientific professions, and the hot emphasis on "health advertising" and "primary care.
In June 1993, a scientific trial of fialuridine (FIAU), a promising new medicine for hepatitis B, was once unexpectedly terminated while one of many 15 out-patients partaking within the nationwide Institutes of wellbeing and fitness (NIH) examine used to be without notice hospitalized with liver failure. even if, all of the final sufferers have been contacted and instructed to prevent taking their drugs, six extra for this reason constructed serious toxicity.
Extra resources for Changing a Harmful Social Convention: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting
TAMWA has also organized sessions for media practitioners, NGOs, community-based organisations and theatre groups to increase understanding of FGM/C and promote the use of appropriate language and approaches. and NGOs work together to support an ongoing process of social change leading to the adoption of legislation against FGM/C. In September 2004, the Government of Kenya hosted an international conference, which focused on developing a political, legal and social environment for the implementation of the Maputo Protocol.
For example, in the United Kingdom, since the introduction in 1985 of specific legislation to criminalize the practice, there have been no prosecutions for FGM/C. In Sweden, only one case had been brought to court by 2000, some 18 years after this country had introduced specific legislation. By the same date in France, there had been 25 prosecutions for involvement in FGM/C using criminal injury legislation. Reliance on general criminal legislation does not necessarily lead to prosecutions. 8 This is also the direction in which Italy is moving.
7. For more details see Legal Tools for the Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation, proceedings of the Afro-Arab expert consultation, Cairo, Egypt, 21-23 June 2003, Non c’è pace senza giustizia, special supplement to periodical 1/2004. Data from UNICEF (2004), “Tanzania FGM/C country sheet”, Creating an enabling environment for change 33 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 based on Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 1996. 2005. Together with UNICEF, the IPU has also developed a child protection handbook for parliamentarians which includes basic information on FGM/C, the major international standards on the subject, and the main challenges and strategies indentified by the IPU panel.