By Roy E. Sanders
Supplies perception into taking out particular sessions of dangers, whereas supplying actual case histories with invaluable messages. There are functional sections on mechanical integrity, administration of switch, and incident research courses, in addition to an extended record of beneficial assets. New bankruptcy during this version covers injuries regarding compressors, hoses and pumps. * stay awake up to now on the entire most modern OSHA standards, together with the OSHA required administration of switch, Mechanical Integrity and Incident research regulations.* how one can do away with risks within the layout, operation and upkeep of chemical strategy vegetation & petroleum refineries.* World-renowned professional in method safeguard, Roy Sanders, exhibits you ways to lessen hazards on your plant.* research from the blunders of others, in order that your plant does not undergo a similar fate.* retailer lives, lessen loss, via following the rules defined during this must-have textual content for strategy defense. there's no different booklet love it!
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Extra resources for Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition: Learning from Case Histories
2 m) high was installed along with the associated piping and controls. The purpose of this modification was to receive, store, and meter out acid to control the pH of the effluent. The atmospheric closed top design tank had two top nozzles.  During normal operation the vessel would receive acid via an in-plant pipeline. It was also equipped to receive acid via tank trucks (see Figure 2–6). One of the top nozzles was FIGURE 2–6 Tank truck unloading acid just before failure. Courtesy of Jack M.
This chemical processing unit had three different air compressor systems operating at three different pressures (50 psig (345 kPa gauge), 100 psig (690 kPa gauge), and 250 psig (1724 kPa gauge)) for specific needs. In short, it did not occur to the innovators that they were tying a 250 psig (1724 kPa gauge) compressed air system into an air system with equipment that was designed for 50 psig. The apparent success of the modification blinded them to the additional risks that they created. Afterthoughts on Air System This equipment was over 40 years old and was purchased by the previous owner.
Qxd 8/14/04 8:58 AM Page 36 36 Chemical Process Safety FIGURE 2–16 Crushed tank in the tank farm. A Water Drain Line Is Altered and a Reactor Explodes A supervisor of an organic chemical unit was concerned about fugitive emissions of an organic from a small-diameter water drain line. He, no doubt, felt that with just about 30 ft. 8 cm) piping, a couple of valves, and a small conical bottom tank, this heat transfer fluid could be recovered. The aim was to reduce pollution potentials and waste water treatment costs.