By Jerrold J. Katz
The cogito ergo sum of Descartes is likely one of the best-known--and simplest--of all philosophical formulations, yet ever because it used to be first propounded it has defied any formal accounting of its validity. How is it that so uncomplicated and demanding a controversy has prompted such trouble and such philosophical controversy?
during this pioneering paintings, Jerrold Katz argues that the matter with the cogito lies the place it truly is least suspected--in a deficiency within the idea of language and good judgment that Cartesian students have delivered to the examine of the cogito. Katz contends that the legislation of conventional good judgment have distorted Descartes's reasoning in order that it now not matches both Descartes's personal account of the cogito in his writings or the function he assigns it in his undertaking. Katz proposes that the cogito could be understood for example of "analytic entailment," an idea within the philosophy of language wherein a press release could be a officially legitimate inference with out looking on a legislation of good judgment. constructing and protecting his thesis, he exhibits us that by means of grappling with an historic philosophical challenge it's attainable to make an unique contribution to the development of up to date philosopy.
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Extra info for Cogitations: A Study of the Cogito in Relation to the Philosophy of Logic and Language and a Study of Them in Relation to the Cogito
Thus, this desire must be frustrated no matter which horn is chosen: whichever alternative in the dilemma Cartesian scholars choose, they will have to paint essentially the same 20 Cogitations unflattering picture of Descartes that, in their original choice, they tried to avoid. I do not wish to claim that there is no difference in degree. It may well be that it is less unflattering to Descartes, and hence, less embarrassing to the Cartesian scholar, to paint Descartes as somehow having expressed himself wrongly than to paint him as having committed a logical howler.
Such constraints are completely on a par with those expressed by the more familiar logical postulates. Is this approach adequate in the sense defined in the last chapter? I claimed that it is not because an account of analytic entailments based on meaning postulates fails to exhibit the grammatical source of their validity. Here, then, is the alternative position to Carnap's. Keep the two notions of logical form separate. Assume the logicians have the right notion of logical form for their conception of inference via logical laws, even if they are unable to say exactly what it is.
Alternative answers to (a) and (b) give alternative notions of interchangeability, some suited to defining grammatical correspondences and others, conceivably, to defining synonymy. 5 Quine's argument against there being a fact of the matter in semantics depends on his claim that explanation in linguistics consists in providing substitution criteria that specify the extension of concepts in the theory of meaning on the basis of an independent concept which remains invariant when one linguistic form replaces another in the chosen contextual position.