By Slavoj Žižek, Alenka Zupancic, Sina K. Najafi, Mladen Dolar, Alain Grosrichard, Miran Bozovic, Renata Salecl, Marc De Kessel, Robert Pfaller
The Cartesian cogito—the precept articulated through Descartes that "I imagine, as a result I am"—is frequently hailed because the precursor of contemporary technology. even as, the cogito’s agent, the ego, is typically feared because the business enterprise of manipulative domination liable for all current woes, from patriarchal oppression to ecological catastrophes. with no psychoanalyzing philosophy, Cogito and the Unconscious explores the vicissitudes of the cogito and indicates that psychoanalyses can render noticeable a constitutive insanity inside sleek philosophy, the purpose at which "I imagine, for that reason I am" turns into obsessional neurosis characterised by way of "If I cease considering, i'll stop to exist."
Noting that for Lacan the Cartesian build is equal to the Freudian "subject of the unconscious," the members stick with Lacan’s plea for a psychoanalytic go back to the cogito. alongside the trail of this go back, they study the moral perspective that befits glossy subjectivity, the inherent sexualization of recent subjectivity, the deadlock during which the Cartesian venture turns into concerned given the enigmatic prestige of the human physique, and the Cartesian subject’s disagreement with its sleek critics, together with Althusser, Bataille, and Dennett. In a method that has familiarize yourself to Zizek’s readers, those essays collect a strict conceptual research and an method of quite a lot of cultural and ideological phenomena—from the sadist paradoxes of Kant’s ethical philosophy to the universe of Ayn Rand’s novels, from the query "Which, if any, is the intercourse of the cogito?" to the security of the cogito opposed to the onslaught of cognitive sciences.
Challenging us to re-evaluate primary notions of human cognizance and sleek subjectivity, it is a e-book whose very Lacanian orthodoxy makes it irreverently transgressive of foremost theoretical paradigms. Cogito and the Unconscious will entice readers drawn to philosophy, psychoanalysis, cultural reviews, and theories of ideology.
Contributors. Miran Bozovic, Mladen Dolar, Alain Grosrichard, Marc de Kessel, Robert Pfaller, Renata Salecl, Slavoj Zizek, Alenka Zupancic
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Extra resources for Cogito and the Unconscious (SIC, Volume 2)
1993. Tarrying with the Negative. Durham: Duke University Press. , It is significant that, in both cases, the same philosopher is at the center of discussion: Immanuel Kant. The "Freudian blow" could be summarized as follows: what phi losophy calls the moral law and, more precisely, what Kant calls the categorical imperative, is in fact nothing other than the superego. This judgment provokes an "effect of disenchantment" that calls into doubt any endeavor to base ethics on foundations other than "pathological" ones.
This example introduces the dif ference between philanthropy and love (of our neighbor). And this is precisely what Freud recognizes in the commandment "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself": the invitation to share with one's neighbor something other than one's goods—namely one's jouissance. Freud turns from this with horror, pointing out that we consider our love to be something valuable and that we feel that we ought not throw it away without reflection, giving it to the first stranger that comes along.
The price to pay for this "wanting the Real" is that the subject has to assume the perverse position where he sees himself as the instrument of the Will of the Other. Sex, Lies, and Executions Here is Kant's famous "apologue of gallows" to which Lacan often refers: Suppose that someone says his lust is irresistible when the desired object and opportunity are present. Ask him whether he would not control his passions if, in front of the house where he has this op portunity, a gallows were erected on which he would be hanged immediately after gratifying his lust.