By Susanne Hartard, Wolfgang Liebert
This booklet displays at the motives of resource-based conflicts and pageant, and offers ideas for correctly and sustainably supplying assets with a spotlight on fabric move administration. The contributions from assorted disciplines spotlight concerns similar to secure entry to assets, conflicts over water and effort offers, waste of strategic mineral assets, sustainable source intake, and renewable strength technologies.
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Additional info for Competition and Conflicts on Resource Use
Exports of minerals and hydrocarbons account for 38 % of total exports in Sub-Saharan Africa, constituting the most important economic sector after agriculture (Stu¨rmer 2010: 5). Total state revenues for Chad in 2008, for instance, resulted by 80 % from oil revenues (Frank and Guesnet 2009: 31). Also, the actual reserves of Sub-Saharan countries are poorly quantified due to limited capacity to explore and measure the countries’ reserves (Jones 2008: 20; Stu¨rmer 2010: 10–12). In addition to that, figures of production and trade can grossly misrepresent the volumes that are taken out of African sub-soils, due to recurrent undervaluation of resources and smuggling of great quantities when it comes to artisanally produced minerals (Africa Progress Panel 2013: 19).
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Hartard, W. 1007/978-3-319-10954-1_4 39 40 M. Mu¨ller-Kone´ and P. Croll resource-related conflicts must go beyond the greed and grievance dichotomy that has characterized the debate for a long time. One cannot deny that greed was a factor in some violent conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa, such as in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and one equally cannot deny that in other instances, grievances provided the breeding ground for violence, such as in the Niger Delta. Motivations may change in different phases of the very same conflict: even if grievances of the local population of the Niger Delta had been a driver for violent conflict, major players of the Nigerian war economy have come to be driven by greed.