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By Anne Thomson

All of us interact within the technique of reasoning, yet we don't continuously be aware of no matter if we're doing it good. This booklet bargains scholars the chance to preparation reasoning in a clear-headed and demanding means, with the goals of constructing an understanding of the significance of reasoning good, and of bettering the reader's ability in analysing and comparing arguments. during this moment version of the hugely profitable severe Reasoning: a pragmatic advent , Ann Thomson has up to date and revised the ebook to incorporate new and topical examples in an effort to advisor scholars in the course of the techniques of severe reasoning in a transparent and fascinating method.

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Example text

If we can identify flaws in reasoning, then we can often be satisfied that a particular piece of reasoning does not establish its conclusion, without needing to dispute the truth of the claims upon which the conclusion is based. We noted in our earlier discussion of the above example that another way of interpreting the argument was to see it as assuming, unjustifiably, that television advertising and violence shown on television were comparable, or analogous, in all relevant or important respects.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 The ban on smoking in public places is a good thing. Boxing is a barbaric activity. Fox hunting should not have been made illegal. Coarse fishing is a pointless pastime. The older one gets, the wiser one becomes. Newly qualified drivers should not be allowed to drive on motorways. The pattern of family life has changed in recent years. Schools should be required to provide sex education. Too many new motorways are being built. It was a good idea to set up the National Lottery.

B) Using less electricity saves you money and reduces carbon emissions. (c) Starting up a light requires very little electrical power. 14 Conclusion: Playing computer games can be beneficial for children. (a) Children who play computer games are less interested in reading. (b) The visual skills of children improve when they first start playing computer games. (c) Watching television is no more educational for children than playing computer games. 15 Conclusion: The fall in the percentage of married couples who divorce in the UK is not evidence that the percentage of unloving marriages has fallen.

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