By Eric W. Osborne
Cruisers and conflict Cruisers: An Illustrated heritage in their influence КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns & WarfareАвтор(ы): Eric W. OsborneЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 300ISBN: 1-85109-370-2Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.72 mb RapidIfolder sixty eight
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Additional resources for Cruisers and Battle Cruisers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
This weaponry was far greater than that of Wampanoag. 2 knots. Although this speed was still fast by standards of the day, it was not enough to match the threat that had necessitated the construction of this ship. The Inconstant’s speed was supplemented by its full sailing rig, retained partially from the entrenchment of sails in the naval circles of Britain. They were also absolutely necessary, however, as the ship’s range was limited. Although the ship’s radius under steam was 1,170 miles, a great improvement over Wampanoag, sails had to be used whenever possible because of the lack of overseas refueling facilities.
Given these advantages, iron was subsequently applied to warship construction following these early craft as naval officials took note of the strength of iron and its potential to withstand enemy fire. The first application of iron to warship construction was the British gunboat Nemesis. Laid down in 1839 and completed in January 1840, the iron hull of the Nemesis measured 184 feet by 29 feet and displaced 660 tons. This structure was revolutionary for its composition and for the fact that it incorporated watertight compartments, making it the first warship fitted with this innovation.
These vessels were the five-ship Wampanoag class. Specifically designed for the traditional cruiser role of commerce protection, these vessels are commonly seen as the first purpose-built cruisers. Construction began on all five in 1863, and although the hulls were constructed entirely of wood reminiscent of the high point of the Age of Fighting Sail, the ships were all equipped with a steam engine whose design called for a maximum speed of 17 knots. The Wampanoag’s hull measured 335 feet by 44 feet and displaced 4,215 tons.