By Robert Chazan
Our realizing of either Jewish background and the heritage of Western civilization is deepened by way of this finely balanced account of Christian missionizing one of the Jews. Arguing that until eventually the 13th century Western Christendom confirmed little severe dedication to changing the Jews, Robert Chazan proceeds to element the distinctive situations of that serious century in eu background. The Roman Catholic Church, characterised at the moment by means of a amazing mix of energy and self assurance at the one hand and deep-seated insecurities at the different, launched into its first energetic crusade to transform the Jews in major numbers.Chazan examines the hot missionizing undertaking in its formative levels, approximately from 1240 to 1280, and analyzes Christian efforts to persuade Jews of the reality of Christianity and, even as, of the nullity of the Jewish spiritual culture. not less than as attention-grabbing is his research of the Jewish traces of reaction. those ranged from the postures followed in public debate to the reassurances penned through Jewish leaders for the eyes and ears in their fans simply. even if few Jews have been switched over by way of the 1st wave of this new missionizing thrust, it ranked excessive one of the advancements that finally sapped the power of past due medieval ecu Jewry.
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Additional info for Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth-Century Christian Missionizing and Jewish Response
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31. Pugio Fidei, 318, citing T. , Baba Batra, 3b. 32. See above, chap. 6. 33. Chavel, Kitvei, I, 307. 34. Isa. 10:34. 35. Pugio Fidei, 348, citing T. , Berakhot, 17a-b. The biblical citation is Isa. 11:1. 36. Isa. 66:7. 37. Pugio Fidei, 349. The passage, cited from Bereshit Rabbah, is not found in extant versions of this work. 38. Pugio Fidei, 350. Again, extant versions of Bereshit Rabbah do not include this story. 39. Pugio Fidei, 353, citing Ruth Rabbah, 10a. The biblical quotation is from Mal.