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Download Developing Frontier Cities: Global Perspectives — Regional by Peter Nijkamp (auth.), Harvey Lithwick, Yehuda Gradus (eds.) PDF

By Peter Nijkamp (auth.), Harvey Lithwick, Yehuda Gradus (eds.)

The specified Nature of Frontier towns and their improvement problem Harvey Lithwick and Yehuda Grad us the appearance of presidency downsizing, and globalization has resulted in huge, immense com­ petitive pressures in addition to the hole of recent possibilities. How towns in distant frontier components may perhaps deal with what for them may well seem to be a devastating problem is the topic of this ebook. Our trouble is with frontier towns specifically. In our past research, Frontiers in local improvement (Rowman and Littlefield, 1996), we tested the excellence among frontiers and peripheries. The phrases are usually used interchangeably, yet we think that during truth, either in scholarly works and in well known utilization, very diversified connotations are conveyed by means of those thoughts. Frontiers evoke a powerful confident photo, of moderately settled territories, delivering demanding situations, experience, unspoiled ordinary land­ scapes, and a unique, and for plenty of an enticing lifestyle. Frontiers are lands of chance. Peripheries conjure up adverse pictures, of inaccessibility, insufficient companies and political and monetary marginality. they're areas to flee from, instead of frontiers, that's have been humans get away to. Peripheries are locations of and for losers.

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Davidson, P. (1995) Netwerkvorming in de Vliegtuigindustrie. Master's Thesis, Dept. of Economics, Free University, Amsterdam. Dicken, P. (1992) Global Shift. Paul Chapman, London. H. ( 1988a) Explaining International Production. Unwin Hyman, London. - - . ( 1988b) Multinationals, Technology and Competitiveness. Unwin Hyman, London. A. Johnson (1995) Multiple regimes and cross-country growth behaviour. Journal ofApplied Econometrics 10:365-384. W. Schamp (1994) Gateways to the European Market. Lit Verlag, Hamburg.

Competitiveness is thus not regarded as the result of top-down support, but is largely contingent upon the creativeness of the regional base. This has led to the idea that the regional (or local) milieu is a critical success factor for any regional development policy. Business climate is not something that can be imposed upon the region, but is a spin -off of the existing entrepreneurial spirits in the region. NIJKAMP but they may also be the result of creative entrepreneurship in even isolated areas (see, for example, Legoland or Jura).

The concept of a gateway is not always unambiguous and sometimes it is not clear what is meant by the term gateway. g. internationally accessible host areas for direct investment. As a result, an enlarged definition of gateway activities is required. This definition may cover (Gaebe & Schamp, 1994): new forms to organize the commodity flows and new forms to penetrate a hinterland; new ways of entering a region or market with direct investment; new flows attracted to the area at hand. From the above-mentioned views it can be derived that a gateway is an area that may cover regions of more than one country, through which the distribution of voluminous incoming and outgoing transport flows takes place by means of transfer and transshipment, and in which added value can be obtained by entering new regions/markets with the help of direct investments.

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