By Development Committee, World Bank, International Monetary Fund
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Extra info for Development issues: presentations to the 50th Meeting of the Development Committee, Washington, D.C., April 27, 1995
15. Private capital flows continue to be directed to a score of middle-income countries in East Asia and Latin America and to two large low-income countries, China and India. The various types of flows have been distributed quite differently across Regions. Nearly one-third of equity investments have gone to Mexico, and an additional 40 percent have gone to Brazil, Argentina, Korea, and Malaysia. China accounts for 40 percent of total direct foreign investment. Portfolib debt flows were strongly concentrated in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, and Venezuela, and in East Asia.
Supplementary Papers A. "Infrastructure Financing in a Post-Adjustment Economy" by the Ministry of Finance and External Investment, Kingdom of Morocco 51 B. "Increasing the Supply of Bankable Infrastructure Projects in Developing Countries" by the Institute of International Finance 64 6. Development Committee Communique, April 27, 1995 73 7. Appendixes: A. Agenda for the 50th Meeting of the Development Committee 76 B. Members of the Development Committee (List of countries represented by them and their Executive Directors of the World Bank and the IMF: April 1995) 77 C.
In addition to these structural changes, the nature of the flows, the kinds of investors that are being attracted to developing countries, and the globalization of financial markets suggest that a general reversal is unlikely: more than 40 percent of private capital flows are in the form of foreign direct investment, which is driven by structural rather than temporary changes in the world economy; most debt-creating flows are no longer in the form of commercial bank loans, but in the form of bonds issued by a limited number of developing country issuers perceived as creditworthy by market participants; and emerging markets' securities remain underrepresented, relative to the size of these markets, in the asset portfolios of foreign institutional investors.