By Committee on the Geographic Foundation for Agenda 21, Committee on Geography, Mapping Science Committee, National Research Council
In 1992, international leaders followed schedule 21, the paintings programme of the 1992 UN convention on atmosphere and improvement. This landmark occasion supplied a political origin and motion goods to facilitate the worldwide transition towards sustainable improvement. The foreign neighborhood marked the 10th anniversary of this convention in Johannesburg, South Africa, in August 2002. "Down to Earth", an element of the USA kingdom Department's "Geographic details for Sustainable improvement" undertaking for the realm Summit, makes a speciality of sub-Saharan Africa with examples drawn from case-study areas the place the USA supplier for foreign improvement and different firms have huge adventure. even if African international locations are the geographic concentration of the examine, the document has broader applicability. "Down to Earth" summarizes the significance and applicability of geographic information for sustainable improvement and attracts on studies in African international locations to envision how destiny assets and functions of geographic facts may supply trustworthy aid to decision-makers as they paintings in the direction of sustainable improvement. The committee emphasizes the possibility of new applied sciences, reminiscent of satellite tv for pc remote-sensing platforms and geographic details platforms, that experience revolutionized facts assortment and research because the Nineties.
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Framework: Introduction and Guide, Washington, DC: Federal Geographic Data Committee. FGDC. 2002. Overview: What the Framework Approach Involves. html>. Accessed April 24, 2002. GSDI (Global Spatial Data Infrastructure). 2002. Developing Spatial Data Infrastructure: The SDI Cookbook. D. Nebert, ed. pdf >. Accessed June 28, 2002. Juma, C. 2002. The global sustainability challenge: from agreement to action. International Journal of Environmental Issues 2(1/2):1-14. W. 2000. Contradictions at the local scale: local implementation of Agenda 21 in the USA.
Efforts to integrate environment and development into a common sustainable development framework remain in the early stages (UN, 2002a). Meanwhile, environmental degradation and poverty at a global scale is worsening (Dernbach, 2002). Three major trends characterize progress on Agenda 21 implementation over the last 10 years. First, the concept of sustainable development prompted a shift from focusing on single issues toward appreciating complex interactions between a wide range of environmental and developmental factors.